Periyar Wildlife Reserve in Kerala, Periyar Wildlife Reserves Tour to Kerala














 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Periyar Wildlife Reserve in Kerala, Periyar Wildlife Reserves Tour to Kerala

South India Holiday Tours   Periyar Wildlife Reserve in Kerala, Periyar Wildlife Reserves Tour to Kerala  Tamilnadu Tours Periyar Wildlife Reserve in Kerala, Periyar Wildlife Reserves Tour to KeralaTamil Nadu Tourist Places Periyar Wildlife Reserve in Kerala, Periyar Wildlife Reserves Tour to KeralaTour to Mamallapuram, Mamallapuram Tours

Tour to Mamallapuram|Mamallapuram Tours

Facts And Figures

* Area: 105.60 sq km
* Altitude: 43.2 m above sea level
* Languages: Tamil, English
* STD Code: 04114

Location

Tour to Mamallapuram Situated, about 60 kms away from the coast of Chennai across the Bay of Bengal, the beautiful city of Mamallapuram stretches between latitude 12°37' in the North to longitude 80°14' in the East. One of the most influential cities of Tamil Nadu today, Important Cities Of Tamil Nadu, Bangalore, Chennai, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Pondicherry, Rameshwaram And Thiruvananthapuram a tour to Mamallapuram or Mahabalipuram as it is more popularly known is a definite must-have in your tour itinerary of Tamil Nadu.
Best Time To Visit

Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram as it is also known is famous for its hot summers and mild winters. Important Cities Of Tamil Nadu, Bangalore, Chennai, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Pondicherry, Rameshwaram And Thiruvananthapuram The summer temperature is known to rise to as high as 35°C and a minimum of 19°C. Thus, the best time to visit Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram is during the months of October to march when the weather remains enticingly pleasant.
History

Once, one of the busiest ports of the Pallava dynasty, the beautiful city of Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram has puzzled countless social historians on the puzzle of its origin. Important Cities Of Tamil Nadu, Bangalore, Chennai, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Pondicherry, Rameshwaram And Thiruvananthapuram Though a number of architectural remain allow experts to contemplate on the origin of this beautiful city, yet the mystery surrounding the birth of the city of Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram grows with time.

It is 59km south of Madras. It was an old port city and capital of the Pallava kings. It consists of 4 kinds of rock structures, cut-out monolithic rock temples (rathas), cut-in cave temples (mandapams), temples constructed from multiple pieces and materials, and bas-relief sculptures carved on large rocks. The combination of old 7th and 8th century Pallava carvings, temples and wonderful beaches make the place a beautiful tourist destination.

The Shore Temple is situated near the Ocean. This was built by the Pallava King Rajasimha in the early 8th century. The courtyard is surrounded by a massive wall. The entrances are guarded by sculptures of mythical deities. Inside one of the shrines, there is an image of Vishnu lying with a snake at his side in cosmic sleep on the sea.

The world's largest bas-relief, the 'Penance of Arjuna', is 96ft long and 43 ft high, carved on two adjacent boulders. The figure of' Shiva with an ascetic Arjuna to his left, standing on one leg gives a mythical and realistic impression among the many other figures. This figure is a scene from the Bhagavad Gita, wherein Arjuna asks shiva for help in defeating his enemies.

There are more than twelve cave temples cut into the rock hill behind the' Penance of Arjuna' bas-relief. Most of these temples are at the top of the granite hill and some of them are quite remarkable but some have been damaged. Read More

The Krishna Mandapam This is a 12 column cave temple. It has a natural figure of a cow being milked. There is a sculpture of Krishana holding up the Govardhan mountain to protect his people from Indra's flood, on the black wall, in side the Mandapam.

The Five Rathas (Pancha Pandava Rathas). It is the most famous example of Pallava architecture. These five architectures are made out of five individual pieces of granite, with its own elevation, plan and exquisite detail. These individual rathas (chariots) are named after Draupadi (wife of Pandavas) Durga (a warrior wife of Shiva who rides a lion), Arjuna (a warrior in Mahabaratha) and Bhima (a Pandava Son). The sculptures of an elephant (the vehicle of Indra) lion (the vehicle of Durga) and Nandi bull (the vehicle of Shiva) are structurally displayed in complete.Read More

The Adivaraha cave is famous for its two portraits of royal Pallava kings with two goddesses.

The light house built by the British gives a good view and serves as a landmark in navigation.

The Mahishamardini Cave is near to the light house, on top of the hill. It is the most outstanding mandapam. The wall on the right side, is carved with the Durga, riding on the lion and defeating the Mahisha, the buffalo demon. In the opposite side there was a carving of Vishnu reclining on the great serpent Sesha. At the back of the Mahishamardini Cave there are three cells containing Shiva, Uma (Consort of Shiva) and their son Skanda.

The Tiger Cave is 5Km away from Mamallapuram, at Saluvankuppam, This place is a favorite picnic spot. The cave is distinguished by the crown of carved tiger heads around the temple, dedicated to Goddess Durga.

Tirukkalukundram (Sacred hill of Kites) is 15 Km west of Mamallapuram. The pilgrims are come here to climb 500 steps to reach on top of the hill to witness the Brahmin priests, who fed the two kites (birds).

Tourist Attractions

The major tourist attractions of Mamallapuram include:

* Shore Temple

Carved out of a single piece of stone, this temple has a history that dates back to as early as 1400 years back.
* Pancha Pandava Rathas

5 exquisitely sculptured carriages which date back to the 7th century signify homage to the 5 Pandava brothers and form one of the leading tourist attractions of Mahabalipuram.

* Arjuna's Penance

The world’s largest bas-relief, this beautifully carved tourist attraction of Mahabalipuram contains within itself a number of mythological references that are allusions some of the greatest Indian texts such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

* Varaha Cave

A rock cut hall which serves as a mandapa or hall; this is one of the most important tourist attractions of Mahabalipuram and a must-visit while on a tour to Mamallapuram.

The other places of tourist interest include:

* Mahishamardini Cave
* Krishna's Butterball

Places Around Mamallapuram

The important places of tourist interest located around Mamallapuram are:

* Tiger Caves

Located around 5 kms away from Mahabalipuram, this is one of the leading places of tourist interest in Tamil Nadu, possessing as it does an ancient rock-cut cave which dates back to the 7th century.

* Tirukkalikundram

Located around 14 kms away from Mahabalipuram, this is an important pilgrimage center of Tamil Nadu with a picturesque hill-top temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.

* Muttukadu

Located around 21 kms away from Mahabalipuram, this is home to a resort which is excellent for water sports like boating, canoeing, kayaking, and windsurfing.

Fairs And Festivals

The festivals of Mamallapuram are varied and add an extra spark of life to the town’s daily lives. Notable among these are:

* Pongal

One of the most important festivals of Tamil Nadu, this is special not just in Mamallapuram but also in a number of other Tamilian cities.

* Mahabalipuram Dance Festival

Celebrated during the months of January and February each year, the Mahabalipuram Dance Festival is an occasion when artists from all around India come to this historic city of Mahabalipuram to perform and mesmerize the people of the city with their talents.

Besides these the other important festivals of Mamallapuram are the Sthalasayana Perumal temple festivals, Masimagam and Brahmothsavam, which, are held in the month of March.

Where To Stay

One of the most important tourist destinations of Tamil Nadu, the beautiful city of Mamallapuram or Mahabalipuram as it is also known is home to a number of hotels and tourist homes, all of which are targeted to provide the guests to the city with all the comfort and warmth they require.

How To Reach

* By Air

Chennai is the nearest airport to Mamallapuram well-connected to a number of international destinations as well as to almost all the major cities of India.

* By Rail

Mamallapuram is well-connected to a number of neighboring cities via two important rail heads which are Chengalpattu (29-km) and Chennai (58-km). The Railway Station closest to Mamallapuram is Chengalpattu, is around 29 km away from the main city of Mahabalipuram. The station links Mamallapuram to a number of important cities of Tamil Nadu like Chennai

* By Road

Mamallapuram is connected to a number of neighboring cities by an excellent network of railways which connect this ancient port-city to Madras, Thirukkalikundram, also known as Pakshithirtham, Kanchipuram and Pondicherry via Chingleput.

 

Tamil Nadu Tourist Places
Hill Stations in Tamil Nadu Caves in Tamil Nadu
Beaches in Tamil Nadu Religious Places in Tamil Nadu
Mamallapuram Places Tirupathi Places

 

 

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